‘ Operations Taxable, Glimmer and Big Drum Tactical Military Deceptions ‘

#AceBritishHistoryNews – D-DAY – June 06 – Operations Taxable, Glimmer and Big Drum were tactical military deceptions conducted on 6 June 1944 in support of the Allied landings in Normandy.

The operations formed the naval component of Operation Bodyguard, a wider series of tactical and strategic deceptions surrounding the invasion. By towing radar reflector balloons and producing significant amounts of radio traffic, small boats simulated invasion fleets approaching Cap d’Antifer, Pas-de-Calais and Normandy.

Royal Air Force bombers, including Lancaster bombers (pictured) from No. 617 "Dam Busters" Squadron, created the illusion of a large fleet on coastal radar screens by dropping chaff in progressive patterns. Glimmer and Taxable played on the German belief that the main invasion force would land in the Calais region.

Big Drum was positioned on the western flank of the real invasion force to try to confuse German forces about the scale of the landings. It is unclear whether the operations were successful, due to the complexity of their execution, poor weather, and lack of response from German forces.

It is possible they contributed to the overall confusion of D-Day as part of the wider Bodyguard plan.


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‘The Helix Park Thirty Metre High Horse Head Sculptures ‘

#AceBritshHistoryNews – SCOTLAND (Grangemouth) – June 30 – The Helix is an exciting new parkland providing activities such as cycling, walking, water-sports and much more. The Helix is also home to The Kelpies, two 30-metre-high horse head sculptures which are a true feat of engineering.

The Helix is a new attraction located between Falkirk and Grangemouth. Described as ‘A place for everyone’ there is so much to discover.

There are currently 500km of connected cycle paths which provide the ideal way to explore the parkland and surrounding area. Discover one of many routes including the 16-mile core route, Helix Around Town Tour (HArTT) starting at The Helix and heading to The Falkirk Wheel, Callendar Park and back to The Helix using cycle ways, towpaths and parkland. The paths are multi-use if you prefer to explore by foot. The Helix is linked by two National Cycle Routes as well as the new John Muir Trail making it incredibly accessible and the ideal base to explore from.

Read More : The Helix 

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Bishop Asser informs us that Alfred had a great love of jewelled ornaments. His crown, which unfortunately no longer survives, is listed in an inventory of jewels melted down by Oliver Cromwell at the establishment of the Protectorate, it is described as being studded with emeralds.

#AceBritishHistory – June 06 – English Monarchs – Kings and Queens of EnglandAlfred the Great.: http://englishmonarchs.co.uk/saxon_6.htm

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On June 6, 1944, Allied Troops Landed on the Beaches of Normandy, France to fight Nazi Germany ‘


Robert Capa, Normandy, Omaha Beach, June 6th, 1944

Robert Capa, Normandy, Omaha Beach, June 6th, 1944 (Photo credit: dr jk)

– June 06 – D-Day Landings   

Archival Footage of D-Day | Smithsonian: Read More: 

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` Gordon Welchman’s Team at Bletchley Park improved the Enigma Code-Breaking Machine but Became a Security Threat ‘

#AceBritishNews – BRITAIN – April 26 – Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher was warned a World War Two codebreaker had become a security threat 40 years after his “influential” work.

Gordon Welchman’s team at Bletchley Park improved the Enigma code-breaking machine, widely credited as shortening the war by two years.

Newly released papers show that in 1982 Mrs Thatcher was told of the threat when Mr Welchman wrote a book.

The Hut Six Story included details that were “still classified”, she was told.

Cabinet secretary Sir Robert Armstrong’s memo to the Tory leader is among documents that have been given to the Bletchley Park Trust after being held in Mr Welchman’s son’s attic for 26 years.

“The book goes into very considerable technical detail about the method developed for this work,” Sir Robert said.

Mr Welchman, who died in 1985, devised a system to deal with thousands of messages a day sent by the German Enigma machine.

The Cambridge graduate saw that the Bombe code-breaking machine needed enhancing and drew up a production line system which became the centre’s wartime working model.

His biographer, Dr Joel Greenberg, said this had been “revolutionary” and made him one of the centre’s “most important figures”.

In 1941, Mr Welchman and four other men known as The Wicked Uncles – including Alan Turing – personally delivered an influential letter to Prime Minister Sir Winston Churchill asking for more resources for Bletchley Park.

Mr Welchman then became the head of Hut Six, which was responsible for breaking German Army and Air Force Enigma ciphers, and was the first to detail the work of the code-breakers in his 1982 book.

A 1948 letter from GCHQ director Sir Edward Travis shows his appreciation for Gordon Welchman’s “outstanding” contribution to World War Two code-breaking

The book was not banned but Mr Welchman lost his US security clearance and was forbidden to discuss his book or his wartime work, with the media.

Three years after its publication, a letter was sent from GCHQ Director Sir Peter Marychurch accusing Mr Welchman of damaging security.

The trust said the documents and possessions would help tell the story of a man whose work was “crucial” to Bletchley Park’s success but of which “most people have never heard”.

Mr Welchman’s daughter said: “I was unable to throw away almost anything relating to my father and I’m enormously grateful that someone else was interested in him.”

BBC News


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` 125 Years Today a Man Who Made Us Laugh by Saying Nothing and Expressing Everything was Born ‘

#AceBritishHistory – LONDON – April 16 – Sir Charles Spencer “Charlie” Chaplin, KBE (16 April 1889 – 25 December 1977) was an English comic actor, film-maker, and composer who rose to fame in the silent era. Chaplin became a worldwide icon through his screen persona “the Tramp” and is considered one of the most important figures in the history of the film industry.

His career spanned more than 75 years, from childhood in the Victorian era until a year before his death at age 88, and encompassed both adulation and controversy.

Charles Chaplin – (IBN) – They foiled plots and cracked Nazi codes, but Britain’s spies were unable to solve the mystery of Charlie Chaplin’s birth.

Although the entertainer is celebrated as one of London’s most famous sons, declassified files reveal that Britain’s MI5 domestic intelligence service found no records to back up Chaplin’s claim that he was born in the city on April 16, 1889. Chaplin’s life is a Dickensian rags-to-riches story.

Raised in London in a family of music-hall entertainers, he moved to the United States in 1910 and became one of Hollywood’s first megastars with his shabby, bowler-hatted every-man persona, the Little Tramp.

He was a box office sensation in movies such as ‘The Gold Rush,’ ‘City Lights’ and ‘The Kid,’ but his left-wing friends and activities alarmed the FBI, which began tracking the actor in the early 1920’s.

He was married four times, twice to 16-year-old girls.

He eventually became Sir Charles Chaplin in March 1975, two years before his death at age 88. Here are 10, full length Chaplin movies available on YouTube you need to watch to celebrate 125 years of the master. (Inputs from AP)


#abhn2104, #britain, #charlie-chaplin

` Richard the Lion Heart ‘

#AceHistoryNews – Richard I (September 8, 1157 – April 6, 1199) was King of England from 1189 to 1199. He was often referred to as Richard the Lionheart, Coeur de Lion. He was considered a hero in his day and has often been portrayed as one in works of literature.

Richard I the Lionheart, King of England

Richard I the Lionheart, King of England (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Early Life: 

The third of King Henry II‘s legitimate sons, Richard was never expected to accede to the throne.

He was, however, the favourite son of his mother, Eleanor of Aquitaine. Although born in Oxford, England, he soon came to know France as his home. When his parents effectively separated, he remained in Eleanor’s care, and was invested with her duchy of Aquitaine in 1168, and of Poitiers in 1172.

This was his consolation prize for the fact that his eldest brother, Henry the Young King, was simultaneously crowned as his father’s successor. Richard and his other brother, Geoffrey, duke of Brittany, thus learned how to defend their property while still teenagers.

As well as being an educated man, able to compose poetry in French and Provençal, Richard was also a magnificent physical specimen, his height is estimated at six feet four inches (1.93 m) tall, and gloried in military activity.

From an early age he appeared to have significant political and military abilities, became noted for his chivalry and courage, and soon was able to control the unruly nobles of his territory.

As with all the true-born sons of Henry II, Richard had limited respect for his father and lacked foresight and a sense of responsibility.

In 1170, his elder brother Henry the Young King was crowned king of England as Henry III. Historians know him as Henry “the Young King” so as not to confuse him with the later king of this name who was his nephew.

Read More : Richard the Lion Heart

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