#AceBritishHistoryNews – NORTHERN IRELAND – July 12 – On 1 July 1690, two armies faced each other across the River Boyne, just to the north of Dublin in Ireland.
The commander on the north side was William of Orange, a Dutch Protestant, who had recently been crowned King of England, Scotland and Ireland.
The commander on the south side was James II, the deposed Catholic king, who had lost his throne to William only the year before.
The two men were linked by blood and family ties. James II was both the uncle of William of Orange and his father-in-law.
In 1688, William was invited to seize James II’s throne by Protestant nobles who feared James was founding a Catholic royal dynasty. James, who chose not to oppose him, was captured then allowed to escape to exile in France.
James arrives in Ireland:
In March 1689, James landed in Ireland with troops supplied by the Catholic King Louis XIV of France. France was the greatest military power in Europe at the time and Louis was William’s sworn enemy.
James saw Ireland as the back door through which he could invade England and regain his crown. Predominantly Catholic Ireland readily rallied to the ‘Jacobite’ (from the Latin for James) cause.