FEATURED: (U.K) Electric buses: Why were trolleybuses ever scrapped? – BBC News #BritishHistoryDesk reports

Electric buses: Why were trolleybuses ever scrapped?

By Matt Lloyd BBC Newsp0802jm3.jpg

“They are magic,” says trolleybus enthusiast Keith Walker

They were the original electric buses but 50 years ago today saw the plug pulled on the last trolleybus in Wales.

Environmentally friendly and cheap, they finally succumbed to car ownership and fossil fuel on 11 January 1970.

Yet half a century later – almost to the day – local councils now see electric public transport as an answer to congestion and air pollution.

Some experts and enthusiasts even believe that shift could spark a revival for the forgotten trolleybus.

Known as the “trackless trolleys” when they first appeared on UK streets in 1911, trolleybuses became the workhorses of the public transport network.

Freed from the restrictions of tracks, taking their power from overhead cables, they provided clean, affordable and quick transport for the masses.

In Cardiff alone, more than six million journeys were taken in the first 12 months of the system opening on St David’s Day in 1942.

But the boom in private car ownership during the 1960s would spell the beginning of the end. Electricity prices rose and rapidly-growing cities soon outgrew a network of overhead cables in desperate need of investment.

When Cardiff’s trolleybus number 262 returned to the Newport Road depot for the last time in January 1970 it marked the end of an era.

However could local authorities in Wales turn back the clock amid concerns over air quality in our cities?

“It was one of those big mistakes to stop using trolleybuses,” said Stuart Cole, professor of transport at the University of South Wales.

“They were clean, quiet and the technology would only have improved, as we have seen in many European cities.

“With the current thinking over getting away from fossil fuels and dealing with the pollution in city centres, it is inevitable they will come back, and a number of local authorities are looking at that possibility.”

Battery-powered electric buses are already appearing on Welsh roads. The first to be used on a permanent basis appeared in Newport in Augustwhile 2020 will see 16 new zero-emission vehicles in Caerphilly.

Cardiff council will announce its transport vision for next 10 years on Wednesday, to include funding for 36 electric buses.

“Electric buses are the future – but battery technology still has a long way to go,” said Mr Cole.

“The beauty of trolleybuses is that they do not need to stop to be recharged en route, so you only need one place to generate the power for the system.”

Municipally-owned trolleybuses remain hugely popular across Europe, particularly in Holland, and in North America.

Interactive From heyday to forgotten relic

The trolley today, under renovation

The trolley today, under renovation

On the streets of Cardiff

Trolleybus on the streets of Cardiff

One group helping keep the memory of trolleybuses alive in Wales is the Cardiff and South Wales Trolleybus Project, which has spent 25 years renovating old vehicles.

“They are magic – it’s like having a fairground ride in the centre of Cardiff,” said co-ordinator Keith Walker.

“Anyone who travelled on them will know why we love them so much.

“People think they were slow but they could easily reach speeds of 60mph.”

However one bus was destroyed and two others – the last remaining models of their kind in the UK – were badly damaged in a barn fire on the farm where they were being stored.

Years of hard work was lost in the blaze

Memorabilia, including more than 2,000 old photos, were also lost in the blaze at Peterstone, near Newport, in October, and put their work out by more than a year.

“It was heartbreaking to see all the hours of work we had put in go up in smoke,” said project chairman John Webb.

“At first we thought we had lost everything so we were grateful that we had something to salvage.”

Now the society is calling for Wales to have a National Museum of Transport as well as a return for the trolleybuses.

“The vehicles would fit as well now as they did when they first started,” said Mr Walker.

“Transport heritage must not be lost and our ambition would be to have a live circuit that people could ride.”

#AceHistoryDesk report ……………Published: Jan.12: 2020:

Editor says #AceNewsDesk reports are provided by Sterling Publishing & Media News here: https://t.me/SterlingPublishingPanel and all our posts, links can be found at here Live Feeds https://acenewsroom.wordpress.com/ and thanks for following as always appreciate every like, reblog or retweet and free help and guidance tips on your PC software or need help & guidance from our experts AcePCHelp.WordPress.Com or you can follow our breaking news posts as a member on Telegram https://t.me/acebreakingnews

The Emesa helmet (also known as the Homs helmet) is a Roman cavalry helmet from the early first century AD. It consists of an iron head piece and face mask, the latter of which is covered in a sheet of silver and presents the individualised portrait of a face, likely its owner #AceHistoryDesk reports

#AceHistoryReport – Mar.23: Decorations, some of which are gilded, adorn the head piece. Confiscated by Syrian police soon after looters discovered it amidst a complex of tombs in the modern-day city of Homs in 1936, the helmet was eventually thoroughly restored at the British Museum, and is now in the collection of the National Museum of Damascus. It has been exhibited internationally, although as of 2017, due to the Syrian Civil War, the more valuable items owned by the National Museum are hidden in underground storage.
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“ The Emesa Helmet “ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emesa_helmet

Ornately designed yet highly functional, the helmet was probably intended for both parades and battle: Its delicate covering is too fragile to have been put to use during cavalry tournaments, but the thick iron core would have defended against blows and arrows. Narrow slits for the eyes, with three small holes underneath to allow downward sight, sacrificed vision for protection; roughly cut notches below each eye suggest a hastily made modification of necessity.

“The helmet was found in a tomb near a monument to a former ruler of Emesa and, considering the lavishness of the silver and gold design, likely belonged to a member of the élite: As it is modelled after those helmets used in Roman tournaments, even if unlikely to have ever been worn in one, it may have been gifted by a Roman official to a Syrian general or, more likely, manufactured in Syria after the Roman style.

The acanthus scroll ornamentation seen on the neck guard recalls that used on Syrian temples, suggesting that the helmet may have been made in the luxury workshops of Antioch.”

#AceHistoryDesk report ………..Published: March.23: 2019:

Editor says #AceNewsDesk reports & #Brittius says are provided by Sterling Publishing & Media News and all our posts, links can be found at here Live Feeds https://acenewsroom.wordpress.com/ Ace News Services Posts https://t.me/AceSocialNews_Bot and thanks for following as always appreciate every like, reblog or retweet and free help and guidance tips on your PC software or need help & guidance from our experts AcePCHelp.WordPress.Com or you can follow our breaking news posts on AceBreakingNews.WordPress.Com or become a member on Telegram https://t.me/acebreakingnews all private chat messaging on here https://t.me/sharingandcaring

Abandoned railways, restored heritage

adcochrane

Exploring abandoned and restored industrial railway heritage in south Scotland and Yorkshire.

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The Origins of Photography Great Britain: St Andrews

Echoes from the Vault

Last week a major exhibition on the birth of British photography opened in Japan at the Tokyo Photographic Art Museum. Curator Keishi Mitsui had been working on this exhibition for several years and this also included multiple research trips to the UK, including St Andrews and the Library’s Special Collections Division, to learn more about our photographic material.

‘The Origins of Photography Great Britain’ Exhibition advertisement, Tokyo Japan © Tokyo Photographic Art Museum

Last summer we were approached by the museum with a loan request to borrow a significant number of items for the exhibition as Mr Mitsui was keen to include the important contributions of the early Scottish photographers, many of whom were from the St Andrews area.

The Fishergate 1845, by D.O. Hill & Robert Adamson. SAUL ID: ALB-77-4

St Andrews Harbour, 1846, by D.O. Hill & Robert Adamson. SAUL ID: ALB-23-12

This loan was the largest…

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A New Acquisition: J Pugh’s Photographic Documentation of Scottish Cultural Heritage

Echoes from the Vault

Joining the Library’s Special Collections Division last September, Weitian Liu is the Enlight Foundation scholar. Weitian is currently pursuing an MPhil in History of Photography and working with the photo team in Special Collections on the cataloguing of the Franki Raffles Collection and other tasks. In this blog post, Weitian introduces one of the recent accessions that has been added to the library catalogue this month.

Approximately 900 photographic negatives taken by James Pugh, A.I.B.P., A.R.P.S. between 1967 and 1972 have been added recently to our catalogue for photographic collections.

Among the most common subjects of Pugh’s photographs are older buildings and ruins in Scotland—castles, bridges, churches, monuments, etc. Contributing to our documentation of Scottish culture and history, these photographs chime with one of the main themes that characterise our collection and constitute a fine addition to our historic collection.

Despite that the negatives, according to the donor, were bought…

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On #ThisDayinHistory 1953, Queen Elizabeth II is formally crowned monarch of the United Kingdom in a lavish ceremony steeped in traditions that date back a millennium #AceHistoryDesk reports

#AceHistoryNews – June.02: A thousand dignitaries and guests attended the coronation at Westminster Abbey, hundreds of millions listened on radio, and for the first time many watched the proceedings on live television #AceHistoryDesk reports

https://t.me/HistoricalPics/8677: After the ceremony, rain-drenched spectators cheered the 27-year-old queen and her husband, as they passed along a five-mile procession route in a gilded horse-drawn carriage. #Royalfamily #history #UKHistory #QueenElizabeth #OTD #AceHistoryNews

Editor says #AceNewsDesk reports & #Brittius says are provided by Sterling Publishing & Media News and all our posts, links can be found at here Live Feeds https://acenewsroom.wordpress.com/ Ace News Services Posts https://t.me/AceSocialNews_Bot and thanks for following as always appreciate every like, reblog or retweet and free help and guidance tips on your PC software or need help & guidance from our experts AcePCHelp.WordPress.Com or you can follow our breaking news posts on AceBreakingNews.WordPress.Com or become a member on Telegram https://t.me/acebreakingnews all private chat messaging on here https://t.me/sharingandcaring

On #ThisDayinHistory 1953, Edmund Hillary of New Zealand and Tenzing Norgay, a Nepalese Sherpa, become the f irst explorers to reach the summit of Mount Everest, which at 29,035 feet above sea level is the highest poi nt on earth: News of their achievement broke around the world on June 2, the day of Queen Elizabeth II ’s coronation, and Britons hailed it as a good omen for their country’s future #AceHistoryDe sk reports

#AceHistoryNews – May.29: Mount Everest sits on the crest of the Great Himalayas in Asia, lying on the border between Nepal and Tibet. Called Chomo-Lungma, or “Mother Goddess of the Land,” by the Tibetans, the English named the mountain after Sir George Everest, a 19th-century British surveyor of South Asia.

https://t.me/HistoricalPics/8638: The first recorded attempt to climb Everest was made in 1921 by a British expedition that trekked 400 difficult miles across the Tibetan plateau to the foot of the great mountain: A raging storm forced them to abort their ascent, but the mountaineers, among them George Leigh Mallory, had seen what appeared to be a feasible route up the peak…………………It was Mallory who quipped when later asked by a journalist why he wanted to climb Everest, “Because it’s there.” Since Hillary and Norgay’s historic climb, numerous expeditions have made their way up to Everest’s summit……………………….In 1960, a Chinese expedition was the first to conquer the mountain from the Tibetan side, and in 1963 James Whittaker became the first American to top Everest: In 1975, Tabei Junko of Japan became the first woman to reach the summit………………Three years later, Reinhold Messner of Italy and Peter Habeler of Austria achieved what had been previously thought impossible: climbing to the Everest summit without oxygen. #MtEverest #TensingNorgay #EdmundHillary #history #Mountains #Tibet #Nepal #OTD #AceHistoryNews

Editor says #AceNewsDesk reports & #Brittius says are provided by Sterling Publishing & Media News and all our posts, links can be found at here Live Feeds https://acenewsroom.wordpress.com/ Ace News Services Posts https://t.me/AceSocialNews_Bot and thanks for following as always appreciate every like, reblog or retweet and free help and guidance tips on your PC software or need help & guidance from our experts AcePCHelp.WordPress.Com or you can follow our breaking news posts on AceBreakingNews.WordPress.Com or become a member on Telegram https://t.me/acebreakingnews all private chat messaging on here https://t.me/sharingandcaring