Reposted by Dr. H. Koya King Henry II: the Muslim monarch of medieval England? King Henry II: the Muslim monarch of medieval England? In the 12th …Why did King Henry Threaten to join Islam: BBC
Contagion, fear, fake news and quackery. There are striking similarities between today’s crisis and the Great Plague of London centuries ago. Has anything changed?
2020 marks the 150th anniversary of the birth of the legendary music hall performer Marie Lloyd and I think she would have appreciated the lecture about her colourful life and spectacular career that Alison Young and Christine Padwick, from the British Music Hall Society, delivered at the Victoria & Albert Museum.
Source: Marie Lloyd – Queen of the Halls
Electric buses: Why were trolleybuses ever scrapped?
By Matt Lloyd BBC News
“They are magic,” says trolleybus enthusiast Keith Walker
They were the original electric buses but 50 years ago today saw the plug pulled on the last trolleybus in Wales.
Environmentally friendly and cheap, they finally succumbed to car ownership and fossil fuel on 11 January 1970.
Yet half a century later – almost to the day – local councils now see electric public transport as an answer to congestion and air pollution.
Some experts and enthusiasts even believe that shift could spark a revival for the forgotten trolleybus.
Known as the “trackless trolleys” when they first appeared on UK streets in 1911, trolleybuses became the workhorses of the public transport network.
Freed from the restrictions of tracks, taking their power from overhead cables, they provided clean, affordable and quick transport for the masses.
In Cardiff alone, more than six million journeys were taken in the first 12 months of the system opening on St David’s Day in 1942.
But the boom in private car ownership during the 1960s would spell the beginning of the end. Electricity prices rose and rapidly-growing cities soon outgrew a network of overhead cables in desperate need of investment.
When Cardiff’s trolleybus number 262 returned to the Newport Road depot for the last time in January 1970 it marked the end of an era.
However could local authorities in Wales turn back the clock amid concerns over air quality in our cities?
- Electric buses launched in bid to cut emissions
- Congestion to be tackled amid city pollution fears
- Wales’ first electric bus to hit the road
“It was one of those big mistakes to stop using trolleybuses,” said Stuart Cole, professor of transport at the University of South Wales.
“They were clean, quiet and the technology would only have improved, as we have seen in many European cities.
“With the current thinking over getting away from fossil fuels and dealing with the pollution in city centres, it is inevitable they will come back, and a number of local authorities are looking at that possibility.”
Battery-powered electric buses are already appearing on Welsh roads. The first to be used on a permanent basis appeared in Newport in Augustwhile 2020 will see 16 new zero-emission vehicles in Caerphilly.
Cardiff council will announce its transport vision for next 10 years on Wednesday, to include funding for 36 electric buses.
“Electric buses are the future – but battery technology still has a long way to go,” said Mr Cole.
“The beauty of trolleybuses is that they do not need to stop to be recharged en route, so you only need one place to generate the power for the system.”
Municipally-owned trolleybuses remain hugely popular across Europe, particularly in Holland, and in North America.
Interactive From heyday to forgotten relic
The trolley today, under renovation
On the streets of Cardiff
One group helping keep the memory of trolleybuses alive in Wales is the Cardiff and South Wales Trolleybus Project, which has spent 25 years renovating old vehicles.
“They are magic – it’s like having a fairground ride in the centre of Cardiff,” said co-ordinator Keith Walker.
“Anyone who travelled on them will know why we love them so much.
“People think they were slow but they could easily reach speeds of 60mph.”
However one bus was destroyed and two others – the last remaining models of their kind in the UK – were badly damaged in a barn fire on the farm where they were being stored.
Years of hard work was lost in the blaze
Memorabilia, including more than 2,000 old photos, were also lost in the blaze at Peterstone, near Newport, in October, and put their work out by more than a year.
“It was heartbreaking to see all the hours of work we had put in go up in smoke,” said project chairman John Webb.
“At first we thought we had lost everything so we were grateful that we had something to salvage.”
Now the society is calling for Wales to have a National Museum of Transport as well as a return for the trolleybuses.
“The vehicles would fit as well now as they did when they first started,” said Mr Walker.
“Transport heritage must not be lost and our ambition would be to have a live circuit that people could ride.”
#AceHistoryDesk report ……………Published: Jan.12: 2020:
Editor says #AceNewsDesk reports are provided by Sterling Publishing & Media News here: https://t.me/SterlingPublishingPanel and all our posts, links can be found at here Live Feeds https://acenewsroom.wordpress.com/ and thanks for following as always appreciate every like, reblog or retweet and free help and guidance tips on your PC software or need help & guidance from our experts AcePCHelp.WordPress.Com or you can follow our breaking news posts as a member on Telegram https://t.me/acebreakingnews
#AceHistoryReport – Mar.23: Decorations, some of which are gilded, adorn the head piece. Confiscated by Syrian police soon after looters discovered it amidst a complex of tombs in the modern-day city of Homs in 1936, the helmet was eventually thoroughly restored at the British Museum, and is now in the collection of the National Museum of Damascus. It has been exhibited internationally, although as of 2017, due to the Syrian Civil War, the more valuable items owned by the National Museum are hidden in underground storage.
“ The Emesa Helmet “ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emesa_helmet
Ornately designed yet highly functional, the helmet was probably intended for both parades and battle: Its delicate covering is too fragile to have been put to use during cavalry tournaments, but the thick iron core would have defended against blows and arrows. Narrow slits for the eyes, with three small holes underneath to allow downward sight, sacrificed vision for protection; roughly cut notches below each eye suggest a hastily made modification of necessity.
“The helmet was found in a tomb near a monument to a former ruler of Emesa and, considering the lavishness of the silver and gold design, likely belonged to a member of the élite: As it is modelled after those helmets used in Roman tournaments, even if unlikely to have ever been worn in one, it may have been gifted by a Roman official to a Syrian general or, more likely, manufactured in Syria after the Roman style.
The acanthus scroll ornamentation seen on the neck guard recalls that used on Syrian temples, suggesting that the helmet may have been made in the luxury workshops of Antioch.”
#AceHistoryDesk report ………..Published: March.23: 2019:
Editor says #AceNewsDesk reports & #Brittius says are provided by Sterling Publishing & Media News and all our posts, links can be found at here Live Feeds https://acenewsroom.wordpress.com/ Ace News Services Posts https://t.me/AceSocialNews_Bot and thanks for following as always appreciate every like, reblog or retweet and free help and guidance tips on your PC software or need help & guidance from our experts AcePCHelp.WordPress.Com or you can follow our breaking news posts on AceBreakingNews.WordPress.Com or become a member on Telegram https://t.me/acebreakingnews all private chat messaging on here https://t.me/sharingandcaring
Last week a major exhibition on the birth of British photography opened in Japan at the Tokyo Photographic Art Museum. Curator Keishi Mitsui had been working on this exhibition for several years and this also included multiple research trips to the UK, including St Andrews and the Library’s Special Collections Division, to learn more about our photographic material.
Last summer we were approached by the museum with a loan request to borrow a significant number of items for the exhibition as Mr Mitsui was keen to include the important contributions of the early Scottish photographers, many of whom were from the St Andrews area.
The Fishergate 1845, by D.O. Hill & Robert Adamson. SAUL ID: ALB-77-4
St Andrews Harbour, 1846, by D.O. Hill & Robert Adamson. SAUL ID: ALB-23-12
This loan was the largest…
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