LINCOLNSHIRE: A mass grave of bubonic plague victims has been uncovered at a medieval monastery in what arch aeologists are calling an “extremely rare” example of a plague pit – @AceHistoryNews

#AceHistoryNews – Dec.14: Black Death ‘plague pit’ with 48 skeletons uncovered in England (PHOTOS, VIDEO)

A mass grave of bubonic plague victims has been uncovered at a medieval monastery in what archaeologists are calling an “extremely rare” example of a plague pit in Britain.

Archaeologists from the University of Sheffield made the gruesome find during a dig at Thornton Abbey, a former Augustinian monastery dating back to the 12th century.

Researchers had been anticipating uncovering further evidence of a medieval hospital at the historical Lincolnshire site. Instead, they discovered a rectangular pit containing the bodies of 48 men, women and children who all showed signs of the bacterial infection which wiped out millions during the 14th century plague epidemic.

According to Dr Hugh Willmott of the University of Sheffield’s Archaeology Department, large burial sites for bubonic plague victims is “extremely rare”.

The rows of bodies, including the remains of 27 children, suggest that the nearby rural community was unable to cope with the highly infectious disease, which swept through Europe in the 1300s.

Pulp from the skeletons’ teeth revealed the presence of the bacteria ‘yersinia pestis’, confirming the Lincolnshire inhabitants’ horrific demise from the plague, thought to have arrived in the area around 1349.

A tiny pendant thought to cure disease was found among the skeletons, Dr Willmott added.

“It is a Tau Cross and was found in the excavated hospital building. This pendant was used by some people as a supposed cure against a condition called St Anthony’s fire, which in modern day science is probably a variety of skin conditions.”

Researchers from the Sheffield university hope to figure out more about the individual lives of those buried in the plague pit.

“Once the skeletons return to the lab we start properly learning who these people really are,” Dr Diana Mahoney Swales said.

“We do this by identifying whether they are male or female, children or adults. And then we start to investigate the diseases they may have lived through.”

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The records of more than 1.1 million British Army officers, nurses, and other ranks reported as #killed in action, missing, or taken prisoner have been published online at Findmypas – @AceHistoryNews

#AceHistoryNews – Dec.03: Second World War British Army casualty lists available online
Image of a black and white photograph of casualties of the D-Day landings being loaded into vehicles at the pierheads, June 1944

Loading casualties of the D-Day landings at the pierheads, June 1944 (catalogue reference: DEFE 2/499)

The records of more than 1.1 million British Army officers, nurses, and other ranks reported as #killed in action, missing, or taken prisoner have been published online at Findmypast.

Released in association with The National Archives, the British Army casualty lists 1939-1945 (file series WO 417) are comprised of daily lists prepared by the War Office. Each list covers the various expeditionary forces serving in different locations across Europe, Africa and Asia. They also cover those killed or injured at home or at overseas stations outside theatres of war. In some cases, the lists also recorded casualties suffered at sea when transport ships were attacked by enemy vessels.

The records consist of fully searchable transcripts and scanned colour images of the original documents. Each entry lists the person’s name, rank, service number, regiment, status, and previous theatre of war. The image may also provide additional information such as a date of death or a notation on their previous status.

Data captured by the records reveals that the fiercest fighting took place in France, with more than 158,000 casualties reported. More than 104,000 military personnel were either killed, wounded or captured elsewhere in Northwest Europe. The jungles of Malaya and the Western Desert of Egypt and Libya also saw large numbers of British troops lost.

David Langrish, Military Records Specialist at The National Archives said: ‘At this time of year we unite to remember those who gave up their lives for our future.

‘These daily War Office casualty lists provide insight into the multitude of dangers faced by men and women serving with the British Army during the Second World War.’

Read our guidance to help with your research of First and Second World War casualties.

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SCOTLAND: Fresh light has been cast on the extraordinary and heartbreaking story of a Scottish missionary who gave her life to protect hundreds of Jewish schoolgirls during the Holocaust – @AceHistoryNews

#AceHistoryNews – Sept.18: Newly Discovered Documents Reveal Heroism of Scottish Missionary Who Died in Auschwitz

http://youtu.be/wPNkRNP2_1c

A handwritten will and previously unpublished photographs give insight into the life of Jane Haining, who died at Auschwitz in 1944.

The 47-year-old refused to abandon Jewish girls in her care — many of whom were orphans — when she was a matron at the Jewish Mission School run by the Scottish Mission in Budapest, Hungary.

She protected 315 students at the school for four long years before finally being betrayed, which led to her arrest by the Gestapo.

Before her arrest, Haining had been urged to return to Scotland. But she refused, declaring “I shall continue to do my duty,” according to the documents.

If these children need me in days of sunshine, how much more do they need me in days of darkness.”

The new material, which will soon be handed over to the National Library of Scotland, was recently rediscovered in a box in the World Mission Council’s archive at the church offices in Edinburgh.

One document is an extract from a report delivered by Polish Bishop Laszlo Ravasz in 1945 — a year after Haining died at Auschwitz.

It explains that she had three times been ordered by her superiors to abandon the girls and return home.

According to the bishop — a member of the Reformed Church who also helped to save Jews — Haining always replied: “I shall continue to do my duty and stick to my post.”

Despite being under surveillance, Haining, a farmer’s daughter from Dunscore in Dumfriesshire, went to a market at 5 a.m. most days to buy food for the girls.

She also cut up her leather luggage to make soles for their worn-out shoes.

She was finally betrayed by the cook’s son-in-law, whom she caught eating scarce food intended for the girls.

Haining was arrested by two officers from the Nazi secret police and charged with eight offenses including “working among the Jews,” “weeping when seeing the girls wearing yellow stars,” “listening to news broadcasts on the BBC,” and “visiting British prisoners of war,” according to a post on the Church of Scotland’s Facebook page.

She was sent to Auschwitz in Nazi-controlled Poland — the same camp as some of her students — where she died of “cachexia (wasting of the body) following intestinal catarrh,” according to her death certificate.

The documents were discovered by chance in an attic at the archives in Edinburgh by researchers who were preparing for an exhibition in Budapest marking the 175th anniversary this weekend of the Church of Scotland Mission being founded there.

In a post on the Church of Scotland’s Facebook page, Reverend Ian Alexander, Secretary of the Church of Scotland World Mission Council, said: “The most poignant discovery is her last will and testament which says ‘to be opened in the event of my death’ and dated July, 1942.

She lays out what her legacies are to be and who is to receive her wireless, typewriter, fur coat and watches.

It is a wonderful document and tremendously exciting to have something that Jane Haining herself has written. It gives a sense she was fully aware of the risks she was taking.”

Alexander said Haining’s story was heartbreaking but also inspirational and gives an insight into her story of “heroism and personal sacrifice.”

Haining is the only Scot to be honored at the Yad Vashem Holocaust memorial in Israel. She also has a memorial at Dunscore Church and was awarded a Hero of the Holocaust medal by the UK government in 2010.

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Staffordshire Hoard Conservation Programme Completed – @AceHistoryNews

#AceHistoryNews – Aug.25: Thought this would be of interest as l visited the museum sometime ago and saw this amazing hoard and thanks to the original provider https://clioantiquities.wordpress.com

A new post on the Staffordshire Hoard website has announced completion of the cleaning and conservation project.

With many tiny fragments emerging from the soil during this process, the total number of pieces is now about 4,000. Several pieces have been reconstructed from these fragments, with surprising results.

The research phase is continuing and a catalog, research reports and much more will be available online in 2018.

The Hoard website already has an excellent photo gallery of some of the key objects. Read the latest here (opens in a new tab or window). –

http://www.staffordshirehoard.org.uk/news/staffordshire-hoard-conservation-programme-completed

Original Article: https://clioantiquities.wordpress.com/2016/08/15/staffordshire-hoard-conservation-programme-completed/

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SNIPPETS OF HISTORY: Remains of Korean War POW coming home to Cambridge after he was identified by DNA – The Boston Globe – @AceHistoryNews

#AceHistoryNews – Aug.17: Remains of Korean War POW coming home to Cambridge
Handout_13soldier01_met.jpg

The body of US Army Corporal Ronald M. Sparks was recently identified through DNA testing.

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I would remind you that this blog is produced free for the public good and you are welcome to republish or re-use this article or any other material freely anywhere without requesting further permission.

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SNIPPETS OF HISTORY: One of the last surviving Czech airmen to serve in the RAF during World War Two has incredibly taken to British skies in a Spitfire once again, decades after he last flew the iconic plane – @AceHistoryNews

#AceHistoryNews – July.22: World War Two hero flies Spitfire over Britain once again at the age of 93
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One of the last surviving Czech airmen to serve in the RAF during World War Two has incredibly taken to British skies in a Spitfire once again, decades after he last flew the iconic plane…..

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BRITAIN: Centuries old secrets of a Cornish castle steeped in Arthurian legend could be uncovered as a major archeological dig gets under way next week after 20-years has passed – @AceHistoryNews

#AceHistoryNews – July.17: Arthurian secrets to be uncovered as time team starts digging…

Centuries old secrets of a Cornish castle steeped in Arthurian legend could be uncovered as a major archeological dig gets under way next week.

Experts will be spending the next three weeks excavating an area around Tintagel Castle in the first major dig to take place for nearly 20 years.

Tintagel is one of Europe’ most important archeological sites and artifacts have been found which date back to the fifth and sixth century.

It is hoped that advance techniques being used for the project…..

Editors Notes:

I would remind you that this blog is produced free for the public good and you are welcome to republish or re-use this article or any other material freely anywhere without requesting further permission.

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